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World War II

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30th Infantry
"Old Hickory"
Division




117th Infantry
Regiment

History



119th Infantry
Regiment

History



120th Infantry
Regiment

History

Order of Battle

117th Infantry

119th Infantry

120th Infantry

30th Reconnaissance Troop (Mecz)

105th Engineer Combat Battalion

105th Medical Battalion

30th Division Artillery

118th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)

197th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)

230th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)

113th Field Artillery Battalion (155 Howitzer)

Special Troops

730th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company

30th Quartermaster Company

30th Signal Company

Military Police Platoon

Headquarters Company

Band


Commanders
Maj. Gen. Henry D. Russell 16 Sep 40 - Apr 42
Maj. Gen. William H. Simpson May-Jul 42
Maj. Gen. Leland S. Hobbs 9 Sep 42 - Sep 45
Maj. Gen. Albert C. Cowper Sep 45 to inactivation


Campaigns
Normandy
6 - 24 Jul 44
Northern France
25 Jul - 14 Sep 44
Rhineland
15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45
Ardennes-Alsace
16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45
Central Europe
22 Mar - 11 May 45


Medals
Distinguished Unit Citations
8
Medal of Honor
6
Distinguished Service Cross
50
Distinguished Service Medal
1
Silver Star
1,773
Legionaires Medal
12
Soldiers Medal
30
Bronze Star Medal
6,616
Air Medal
154
 
Killed
3,435
Wounded
12,960
Missing
753
Captured
543
Battle Casualties
17,691
Non-Battle Casualties
8,347
Total Casualties
26,038
   
Days of combat
282


Distinguished
Unit Citations

1st Bn. 117th Inf.
7 Aug. 1944 for action at St Barthelmy, France

1st Bn, 120th lnf.
8-12 Oct. 1944 for action in Germany

Co E. 117th Inf.
16 Oct. 1944 for action in Germany

1st Bn (reinf) 119th Inf.
19-21 Dec. 1944 for action in Belgium

Co K, 120th Inf.
6-12 Aug. 1944 for action in Normandy

1st & 2nd Platoon AT Co., 120th Inf.
6-12 Aug 1944 for action in Normandy

2nd Bn 120th Inf.
6-12 Aug 1944 for action in Normandy

3rd Platoon, Co. B, 105th Engr. Bn.
for action in the Vire River crossing

743rd Tk. Bn.
6 June 1944 for action on Omaha Beach


Medal of Honor
Recipients

1st Lt Raymond O. Beaudoin
Co. F, 119th Infantry Regiment
6 Apr. 1945 action near Hamelin, Germany

S/Sgt Paul L. Bolden
23 Dec. 1944 action at Petit-Coo, Belgium

Sgt Francis S. Currey
Company K, 120th Infantry
21 Dec 1944 action near Malmedy, Belgium

S/Sgt Freeman V. Horner,
Co. K, 119th Infantry, for
16 Nov. 1944 action at Wurselen, Germany

Pvt. Harold G. Kiner,
Co. F, 117th Infantry Regiment,
2 Oct. 1944 for action near Palenberg, Germany

S/Sgt. Jack J. Pendleton
Co. I, 120th Infantry Regiment
12 Oct. 1944 for action near Bardenbcrg, Germany





1944
 
22 Feb-
The 30th Infantry Division arrived in England and trained until June.
11 Jun-
The division landed at Omaha Beach, Normandy and secured the Vire-et-Taute Canal.
7 Jul-
The division crossed the Vire River.
25 Jul-
The division spearheaded the St. Lo break-through.
6 Aug-
The division relieved the 1st Infantry Division near Mortain and the German drive to Avranches began.
7 Aug-
The 30th broke the enemy spearhead (Operation Luttich) in a week of violent struggle to 12 Aug.
10 Sep-
The division drove east through Belgium, crossing the Meuse River at Vise and Liège.
12 Sep-
Elements entered the Netherlands and Maastricht fell the next day.
2 Oct-
The 30th launched its attack on the Siegfried Line.
16 Oct-
The division succeeded in contacting the 1st Division and encircling Aachen.
16 Nov-
After a rest period, the division eliminated an enemy salient northeast of Aachen.
28 Nov-
The division pushed to the Inde River at Altdorf and then moved to rest areas.
17 Dec-
The division rushed south to the Malmedy-Stavelot area to help block the powerful enemy drive in the Battle of the Ardennes.
1945  
13 Jan-
The division launched a counteroffensive.
26 Jan-
The division reached a point 2 miles south of St. Vith.
27 Jan-
The division moved to an assembly area near Lierneux.
23 Feb-
The division moved to Aachen to prepare for the Roer offensive.
3 Mar-
The 30th moved back for training and rehabilitation.
24 Mar-
The division made its assault crossing of the Rhine.
7 Apr-
The 30th pursued the enemy across Germany.
Apr 12-
The 30th took Hamelin, Braunschweig.
Apr 17-
The 30th took Magdeburg and the Russians were contacted at Grunewald on the Elbe River.
19 Aug-
After a short occupation period the 30th began moving for home.


30th Infantry Division
in World War II

CD 1
Open all files from the folders on the CDs
Install Adobe Acrobat PDF Reader from CD 1

The files below are found on CD 1


1921 - 1945

30th Infantry Division

117th Infantry Regiment
Company B

History

CD 1
25 Pages - PDF


30th Infantry Division

Medal of Honor
Recepients





CD 1
6 Pages - PDF


30th Infantry Division

Conneticut Men
of the 30th





CD 1
20 Pages - PDF


1944

30th Infantry Division

After
Action Reports



CD 1
32 Pages - PDF


30th Infantry Division

Big Picture

Film





CD 1
28m05s - MP4


7 Jul 44

Maps

St. Lo, France





CD 1
11 Pages - PDF


25 Jul - 1 Aug 44

30th Infantry Division

Operation
"COBRA"

Breakthrough
St. Lo, France

CD 1
26 Pages - PDF


6 Aug 44

30th Infantry Division
120th Infantry Regiment
2nd Battalion

Operations
Mortain, France


CD 1
24 Pages - PDF


2 Oct 44

14th Corp

Seigfried Line


CD 1
75 Pages - PDF


1945

30th Infantry Division

After
Action Reports

CD 1
55 Pages - PDF


6 Jun - 1 Jul 44

Cross-Channel Attack




CD 1
538 Pages - PDF


22 Mar - 11 May 45

Central Europe




CD 1
36 Pages - PDF


7 Jul - 19 Jul 44

St. Lo

CD 1
146 Pages - PDF


25 Jul - 14 Sep 44

Northern France

CD 2
32 Pages - PDF


11 Sep - 16 Dec 44

Siegfried Line

CD 1
697 Pages - PDF


World War II
Situation Maps
Europe

CD 1
83 Pages - PDF
The files below are found on CD 2


15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45

Rhineland
Campaign

CD 1
36 Pages - PDF


16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45

Ardennes-Alsace


CD 1
56 Pages - PDF


16 Dec 44 - 3 Jan 45

The Ardennes
Battle of the Bulge

CD 1
749 Pages - PDF


Jan 45

The
Last Offensive

CD 1
555 Pages - PDF


1 Jul - 11 Sep 44

Breakout
and Pursuit

CD 2
771 Pages - PDF


Long Road
To Victory



CD 2
20 Pages - PDF


US Air Force
Combat Chronology
1941-45


CD 2
743 Pages - PDF


"Fighting Divisions"

Army
Divisions History

CD 2
241 Pages - PDF


Supreme Command

European
Theater Operations



CD 2
631 Pages - PDF


Brief History
of World War II





CD 2
55 Pages - PDF


APOs

Army Postal Service
Addresses

Alphabetical Listings

CD 2
149 Pages - PDF


Form SF180
Records Request

Request for
Personnel Records


CD 2
3 Pages - PDF


Research Guide

National Archives
Finding Information of
Personal Participation
in World War II Guide

CD 2
5 Pages - PDF


Mines - Booby Traps
Identification Guide





CD 2
42 Pages - PDF


Aircraft
Nose Art





CD 2
34 Pages - PDF



Aircraft
Recognition Guide





CD 2
17 Pages - PDF



Aircraft
Insignia Poster


CD 2
1 Page - PDF



US
World War II
Posters

CD 2
250 Pages - PDF



German
World War II
Posters

CD 2
75 Pages - PDF


Rank
Insignia of Grade


CD 2
1 Page - PDF



Patch
Identification
Guide


CD 2
19 Pages - PDF


Chart

Enlisted Men's
Uniform Insignias


CD 2
1 Page - PDF


Song Lyrics

Army
HIT KIT
of Popular Songs

CD 2
6 Pages - PDF


Comic Book
Covers




CD 2
8 Pages - PDF
The files below are found on CD 3


Music

"Singing Soldiers"

Winners Second
All Army Soldier
Singing Contest

1954-55
19 Song LP Record
2 Album Set

CD 3
Info - PDF
Files - Folder


Music

What Do You
Do In The Infantry ?

American Military March
Semper Fidelis (Marines)




CD 3
Files - Folder


Radio

DDay
Radio Broadcasts
~
13 - BBC/CBS/NBC
Normandy Invasion
Broadcasts
~
24 - CBS Invasion
1 Hour Broadcasts


CD 3
Files - Folder


Cartoons

11
BANNED
World War II
Cartoons

Popeye
Superman
Donald Duck
Bugs Bunny
more ...

CD 3
Info - PDF


30th Infantry
"Old Hickory"
Division

30th Infantry Division History

The 30th Infantry Division arrived in England, 22 February 1944, and trained until June. It landed at Omaha Beach, Normandy, 11 June 1944, secured the Vire-et-Taute Canal, crossed the Vire River, 7 July, and, beginning on 25 July spearheaded the St. Lo break-through.

The day after the division relieved the 1st Infantry Division near Mortain on 6 August, the German drive to Avranches began. Fighting in place with all available personnel, the 30th frustrated enemy plans and broke the enemy spearhead (Operation Luttich) in a week of violent struggle, 7–12 August. The division drove east through Belgium, crossing the Meuse River at Vise and Liège, 10 September. Elements entered the Netherlands on the 12th, and Maastricht fell the next day.

Taking up positions along the Wurm River, the 30th launched its attack on the Siegfried Line, 2 October 1944, and succeeded in contacting the 1st Division, 16 October, and encircling Aachen.

After a rest period, the division eliminated an enemy salient northeast of Aachen, 16 November, pushed to the Inde River at Altdorf, 28 November, then moved to rest areas. On 17 December the division rushed south to the Malmedy-Stavelot area to help block the powerful enemy drive in the Battle of the Ardennes.

It launched a counteroffensive on 13 January 1945 and reached a point 2 miles south of St. Vith, 26 January, before leaving the Battle of the Bulge and moving to an assembly area near Lierneux, 27 January, and to another near Aachen to prepare for the Roer offensive. The Roer River was crossed, 23 February 1945, near Julich.

The 30th moved back for training and rehabilitation, 3 March, and on 24 March made its assault crossing of the Rhine. It pursued the enemy across Germany, mopping up enemy pockets of resistance, took Hamelin, 7 April, Braunschweig on the 12th, and helped reduce Magdeburg on the 17th. The Russians were contacted at Grunewald on the Elbe River. After a short occupation period, the 30th began moving for home, arriving 19 August 1945.



117th Infantry
Regiment
117th Infantry Regiment History

1940
 
16 Sep-
Inducted and assigned to the 30th Division.
24 Sep-
Moved to Ft. Jackson, S.C.
1942
 
13 Sep-
Transferred to Ft. Benning, Ga.
1943
 
1 Mar-
Relocated toCamp Blanding, Fl.
30 May-
Relocated to Tullahoma, Tenn.
15 Nov-
Arrived Camp Attenbury, Ind.
1944
 
28 Jan-
Staged at Camp Myles Standish, Mass.
11 Feb-
Departed Boston.
23 Feb-
Arrived England
14 Jun-
Landed in France.
4 Sep-
Crssed into Belgium.
12 Sep-
Crossed into Holland.
19 Sep-
Entered into Germany.
18 Dec-
Returned to Belgium.
1945
 
2 Feb-
Reentered Germany.
6 Mar-
Returned to Holland.
18 Mar-
Returned to Germany.
21 Aug-
Arrived New York.
24 Aug-
Moved to Ft. Jackson S.C.
24 Nov-
Inactivated



119th Infantry
Regiment
119th Infantry Regiment History

1942
 
7 Sep-
Activated at Ft. Jackson S.C.
4 Oct-
Moved to Camp Blanding, Fla.
1943
 
30 May-
Moved to Tullahoma, Tenn.
8 Nov-
Transferred to Camp Attenbury, Ind.
1944
 
31 Jan-
Staged at Camp Myles Standish, Mass.
11 Feb-
Departed Boston.
23 Feb-
Arrived England
10 Jun-
Landed in France.
2 Sep-
Crossed into Belgium.
13 Sep-
Crossed into Holland.
17 Sep-
Entered into Germany.
17 Dec-
Returned to Belgium.
1945
 
3 Feb-
Reentered Germany.
19 Aug-
Returned Boston P/E.
21 Aug-
Moved to Ft. Jackson S.C.
24 Nov-
Inactivated


120th Infantry
Regiment
120th Infantry Regiment History

1940
 
16 Sep-
Inducted at Raliegh, N.C.
22 Sep-
Assigned to 30th and moved to Ft. Jackson, S.C.
1942
 
4 Oct-
Transferred to Camp Blanding, Fla.
1943
 
27 May-
Relocated to Tullahoma, Tenn.
15 Nov-
Arrived Camp Attenbury, Ind.
1944
 
1 Feb-
Staged at Camp Myles Standish, Mass.
11 Feb-
Departed Boston.
22 Feb-
Arrived England
10 Jun-
Landed in France.
2 Sep-
Crssed into Belgium.
13 Sep-
Crossed into Holland.
17 Sep-
Entered into Germany.
17 Dec-
Returned to Belgium.
1945
 
3 Feb-
Reentered Germany.
21 Aug-
Arrived New York P/E.
24 Aug-
Moved to Ft. Jackson S.C.
24 Nov-
Inactivated


30th Infantry
Division
Campaigns of World War II

Normandy
6 - 24 Jul 44
Northern France
25 Jul - 14 Sep 44
Rhineland
15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45
Ardennes-Alsace
16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45
Central Europe
22 Mar - 11 May 45


Normandy
6 June - 24 July 1944

A great invasion force stood off the Normandy coast of France as dawn broke on 6 June 1944: 9 battleships, 23 cruisers, 104 destroyers, and 71 large landing craft of various descriptions as well as troop transports, mine sweepers, and merchantmen—in all, nearly 5,000 ships of every type, the largest armada ever assembled. The naval bombardment that began at 0550 that morning detonated large minefields along the shoreline and destroyed a number of the enemy’s defensive positions. To one correspondent, reporting from the deck of the cruiser HMS Hillary, it sounded like “the rhythmic beating of a gigantic drum” all along the coast. In the hours following the bombardment, more than 100,000 fighting men swept ashore to begin one of the epic assaults of history, a “mighty endeavor,” as President Franklin D. Roosevelt described it to the American people, “to preserve. . . our civilization and to set free a suffering humanity.”


Northern France
25 July - 14 September 1944

As July 1944 entered its final week, Allied forces in Normandy faced, at least on the surface, a most discouraging situation. In the east, near Caen, the British and Canadians were making little progress against fierce German resistance. In the west, American troops were bogged down in the Norman hedgerows. These massive, square walls of earth, five feet high and topped by hedges, had been used by local farmers over the centuries to divide their fields and protect their crops and cattle from strong ocean winds. The Germans had turned these embankments into fortresses, canalizing the American advance into narrow channels, which were easily covered by antitank weapons and machine guns. The stubborn defenders were also aided by some of the worst weather seen in Normandy since the turn of the century, as incessant downpours turned country lanes into rivers of mud. By 25 July, the size of the Allied beachhead had not even come close to the dimensions that pre–D-day planners had anticipated, and the slow progress revived fears in the Allied camp of a return to the static warfare of World War I. Few would have believed that, in the space of a month and a half, Allied armies would stand triumphant at the German border.


Rhineland
15 September 1944 - 21 March 1945

The Rhineland Campaign, although costly for the Allies, had clearly been ruinous for the Germans. The Germans suffered some 300,000 casualties and lost vast amounts of irreplaceable equipment. Hitler, having demanded the defense of all of the German homeland, enabled the Allies to destroy the Wehrmacht in the West between the Siegfried Line and the Rhine River. Now, the Third Reich lay virtually prostrate before Eisenhower’s massed armies.


Ardennes - Alsace Campaign
16 December 1944 - 25 January 1945

In August 1944, while his armies were being destroyed in Normandy, Hitler secretly put in motion actions to build a large reserve force, forbidding its use to bolster Germany’s beleaguered defenses. To provide the needed manpower, he trimmed existing military forces and conscripted youths, the unfit, and old men previously untouched for military service during World War II.

In September Hitler named the port of Antwerp, Belgium, as the objective. Selecting the Eifel region as a staging area, Hitler intended to mass twenty-five divisions for an attack through the thinly held Ardennes Forest area of southern Belgium and Luxembourg. Once the Meuse River was reached and crossed, these forces would swing northwest some 60 miles to envelop the port of Antwerp. The maneuver was designed to sever the already stretched Allied supply lines in the north and to encircle and destroy a third of the Allies’ ground forces. If successful, Hitler believed that the offensive could smash the Allied coalition, or at least greatly cripple its ground combat capabilities, leaving him free to focus on the Russians at his back door.


Central Europe Campaign
22 March - 11 May 1945
By the beginning of the Central Europe Campaign of World War II, Allied victory in Europe was inevitable. Having gambled his future ability to defend Germany on the Ardennes offensive and lost, Hitler had no real strength left to stop the powerful Allied armies. Yet Hitler forced the Allies to fight, often bitterly, for final victory. Even when the hopelessness of the German situation became obvious to his most loyal subordinates, Hitler refused to admit defeat. Only when Soviet artillery was falling around his Berlin headquarters bunker did the German Fuehrer begin to perceive the final outcome of his megalomaniacal crusade.


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