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79th Infantry
"Cross of Lorraine"
Division



313th Infantry
Regiment

History



314th Infantry
Regiment

History



315th Infantry
Regiment

History

Order of Battle

313th Infantry

314th Infantry

315th Infantry

79th Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized)

304th Engineer Combat Battalion

304th Medical Battalion

79th Division Artillery

310th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

311th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

904th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)

312th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)

Special Troops

779th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company

79th Quartermaster Company

79th Signal Company

Military Police Platoon

Headquarters Company

Band


Casualties

Killed 2,475
Wounded 10.701
Missing 1,699
Battle Casualties 14,875
Non-Battle Casualties 8,582
Total Casualties 23,457


Commanders
Maj. Gen. Ira T. Wyche
Jun 42 - May 45
Brig. Gen. LeRoy H. Watson
May - Jul 45
Maj. Gen. Anthony C. McAuliffe Jul - Aug 45
Brig. Gen. LeRoy H. Watson Aug 45 to inactivation


Campaigns
Normandy
6 Jun - 24 Jul 44
North France
25 Jul - 14 Sep 44
Rhineland
15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45
Central Europe
22 Mar - 11 May 45


Medals
Distinguished Unit Citations
8
Medal of Honor
3
Distinguished Service Cross
13
Distinguished Service Medal
1
Silver Star
962
Legion of Merit
11
Soldiers Medal
27
Bronze Star Medal
4,916
Air Medal
78


Prisoners of War Taken
35,466
Days of Combat
248




1942
 
15 Jun-
The Army reactivated the division at Camp Pickett, Virginia as the 79th Division.
1 Aug-
The 79th was redesignated it there as the 79th Infantry Division.
1 Sep-
The division moved to Camp Blanding, Florida.
1943
 
3 Mar-

The 79th moved to Tennessee Maneuvers Area where they participated in the Second Army No. 1 Tennessee Maneuvers.

19 Jul-
The division transferred to Camp Forrest, Tennessee.
17 Aug-

The division moved to Camp Young, California for the Desert Training Center No. 3 California Maneuvers (Camp Laguna, Arizona).

4 Dec-

The division arrived at Camp Phillips, Kansas.

1944 
 
31 Mar-
The division relocated and staged at Camp Myles Standish, Massachusetts.
7 Apr-
The division departed the Boston Port of Embarkation.
16 Apr-
The division arrived in England for division training.
 12 Jun-
The 79th Infantry Division landed on Utah Beach, Normandy.
19 Jun-
The division attacked toward Cherbourg with the 313th and 315th Infantry and reached the outer fortifications of the fortress-city the following day.
22 Jun-
The division began its main assault as the 313th Infantry drove against the strongpoint at La Mare á Canards.

25 Jun-

The division took Fort du Roule after a heavy engagement and entered Cherbourg.
26 Jun-
The 314th Infantry captured Fort du Roule.
2 Jul-
The division left Cherbourg and moved south to hold defensive lines along the Ollonde River.
8 Jul-
The division pushed down the west coast of the Cotentin Peninsula in driving rain and took La Haye-du-Puits in house-to-house fighting after repelling German counterattacks.
26 Jul-
The 79th crossed the Ay River behind the 8th Infantry Division and took Lassey the next day.
6 Aug-
The division captured Laval.
8 Aug-
The division crossed the Sarthe River and entered Le Mans against light resistance.
 19 Aug-
The advance continued across the Seine.
20 Aug-
The division established a bridgehead near Mantes-Gassicourt over the Seine River which it held against German counter attacks.
 22 Aug-
Heavy German counterattacks were repulsed.
30 Aug-
The division moved forward with the 2nd Armored Division and crossed the Therain River at the end of the month.
10 Sep-
The division then concentrated in the Joinville area.
12 Sep-
The Division encountered heavy resistance and the 314th Infantry battled through Charmes in street fighting.
  13 Sep-
The division forded the Moselle river as the 313th Infantry captured Poussay and the 315th Infantry seized Neufchâteau.
18 Sep-
The offensive resumed after heavy combat as the division cleared its sector.
20 Sep-
The 314th Infantry encountered German fire as it reached the Meurthe River near Lunéville attempting to turn the German flank.
21 Sep-
A battalion crossed the river near St. Clement the next day but had to be withdrawn.
22 Sep-
The division moved forward despite intense attacks from the Forêt de Parroy, the 315th Infantry losing and then recovering part of Lunéville as the 314th Infantry faced counterattacks at Moncel.
23 Sep-
The 314th Infantry frontally assaulted Forêt de Monden in heavy combat and the division entered the Forêt de Parroy.
28 Sep-
The division cleared the Foret de Parroy in a severe engagement.
3 Oct-
The division next took Emberménil.
5 Oct-
The 315th Infantry was temporarily isolated in fighting at the main road junction there.
9 Oct-
An all-out divisional assault forced a German withdrawal from the forest with the final capture of the main road junction.
15 Oct-
The division battled for the high ground east of the town until 22 Oct.
24 Oct-

The division was relieved in this area and rested at Lunéville.

13 Nov-
After rest and training at Luneville, the Division returned to combat with an attack with the 314th and 315th Infantry out of the Montigny area.
18 Nov-
The division crossed the Vezouse and Moder Rivers through Haguenau in spite of determined enemy resistance.
19 Nov-
The division crossed the Vezouse with the capture of Fremonville.
25 Nov-
The division consolidated north of Strasbourg.
9 Dec-
The division fought the Battle of Hagenau.
15 Dec-
The division reached the Lauter River at Schiebenhardt to have an important role in successfully defending against the last major German offensive, launched in the Ardennes and known as Operation Nordwind.
17 Dec-
The division entered into the Siegfried Line.
20 Dec-
The Division held a defensive line along the Lauter River at Wissembourg.
1945
 
2 Jan-
The division withdrew to Maginot Line defenses.
6 Jan-
The division moved to the southern portion of the Rhine River held by Task Force Linden (42d Infantry Division). The Germans established a bridgehead at Gambsheim and the division had battled through Stattmatten to relieve encircled elements of the task force.
19 Jan-
The German attempt to establish a bridgehead west of the Rhine at Gambsheim resulted in furious fighting. The 79th beat off German attacks at Hatten and Rittershoffen in an 11-day battle before withdrawing to new defensive positions south of Haguenau on the Moder River.
6 Feb-
The division remained on the defensive along the Moder River.
23 Feb-
The division went into reserve and detached the 314th Infantry to forward positions overlooking the Roer as a diversion for Operation GRENADE.
3 Mar-
The division crossed into Belgium and into Holland
24 Mar-
After resting the Division returned to combat.
29 Mar-
The division reached the Rhine-Herne Canal against strong opposition.
6 Apr-
The 314th Infantry concluded the drive to Emser Canal and the division established defensive positions there.
7 Apr-
The division then relieved the 35th Infantry Division west of Gelsenkirchen and attacked across the Emser and Rhine-Herne Canals.
9 Apr-
The division reached the Ruhr.
11 Apr-
The division moved against resistance east along the Ruhr, establishing a bridgehead at Kettwig.
13 Apr-
The division secured the north bank of the Ruhr and took part in clearing the Ruhr Pocket.
7 May-

The division was relieved the following day and reverted to security duty in the Dortmund area where it was posted when hostilities were declared ended.

The Division then went on occupation duty, in the Dortmund, Sudetenland, and Bavarian areas successively, until its return to the United States and inactivation.
10 Dec-
The division returned to New York Port of Embarkation and was inactivated at Camp Kilmer, in Piscataway, New Jersey the next day.



79th Infantry Division
in World War II

CD 1
Open all files from the folders on the CDs
Install PDF Reader from CD 1

The files below are found on CD 1


Meda of Honor Recipients





CD1
PDF - 3 Pages


79th Infantry Division

History

World War II


CD1
PDF - 205 Pages


79th Infantry Division
313th Infantry
Regiment

History


CD1
PDF - 88 Pages


79th Infantry Division
313th Infantry
Regiment

History in
World War II

CD1
PDF - 211 Pages


79th Infantry Division
314th Infantry
Regiment

Combat History



CD1
PDF - 30 Pages


79th Infantry Division
314th Infantry
Regiment

Through Combat

History

CD1
PDF - 150 Pages


1944 - 1945

79th Infantry Division

Route Map
France - Germany


CD1
PDF - 1 Pages

14 Jun - 29 Aug 44

79th Infantry Division

Route Map
France


CD1
PDF - 1 Pages



17 Jun - 31 Dec 44

79th Infantry Division
314th Infantry
Regiment
3rd Battalion

Journal

CD1
PDF - 71 Pages



20 Aug 44

79th Infantry Division
314th Infantry
Regiment
Seine Crossing


CD1
PDF - 24 Pages


Sep - Nov 44

15th Corps

Through the
Vosages to
Strasbourg


CD1
PDF - 41 Pages


25 Sep - 24 Oct 44

79th Infantry Division

Attack of
Lorraine, France



CD1
PDF - 98 Pages


8 Dec 44

79th Infantry Division
313th Infantry
Regiment
3rd Battalion

Operations
Alsace

CD1
PDF - 17 Pages


World War II
Situation Maps
Europe







CD 1
83 Pages - PDF


6 Jun - 1 Jul 44

Cross-Channel Attack







CD 1
538 Pages - PDF


1 Jul - 11 Sep 44

Breakout
and Pursuit






CD 1
771 Pages - PDF
The files below are found on CD 2


6 Jun - 24 Jul 44

Normandy
Campaign

CD 2
51 Pages - PDF


25 Jul - 14 Sep 44

Northern France


CD 2
32 Pages - PDF


15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45

Rhineland


CD 2
36 Pages - PDF


16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45

Ardennes-Alsace


CD 2
56 Pages - PDF


Jan 45

The
Last Offensive

CD 2
555 Pages - PDF


22 Mar - 11 May 45

Central Europe


CD 2
36 Pages - PDF


Aug 44 - Mar 45

Rivera To Rhine


CD 2
630 Pages - PDF


Chart

Organization
USArmy Regiment

CD 2
1 Page - PDF


Long Road
To Victory



CD 2
20 Pages - PDF


US Air Force
Combat Chronology
1941-45


CD 2
743 Pages - PDF


"Fighting Divisions"

Army
Divisions History

CD 2
241 Pages - PDF


Supreme Command

European
Theater Operations

CD 2
631 Pages - PDF


Brief History
of World War II





CD 2
55 Pages - PDF


APOs

Army Postal Service
Addresses

Alphabetical Listings

CD 2
149 Pages - PDF


Form SF180
Records Request

Request for
Personnel Records


CD 2
3 Pages - PDF


Research Guide

National Archives
Finding Information of
Personal Participation
in World War II Guide

CD 2
5 Pages - PDF


Mines - Booby Traps
Identification Guide

CD 2
42 Pages - PDF


Aircraft
Nose Art

CD 2
34 Pages - PDF


Aircraft
Recognition Guide

CD 2
17 Pages - PDF



Aircraft
Insignia Poster

CD 2
1 Page - PDF



US
World War II
Posters

CD 2
250 Pages - PDF



German
World War II
Posters

CD 2
75 Pages - PDF



Rank
Insignia of Grade


CD 2
1 Page - PDF


Patch
Identification
Guide

CD 2
19 Pages - PDF


Chart

Enlisted Men's
Uniform Insignias


CD 2
1 Page - PDF


Song Lyrics

Army
HIT KIT
of Popular Songs

CD 2
6 Pages - PDF


VE Day
Eisenhower Flyer




CD 2
1 Page - PDF


Comic Book
Covers




CD 2
8 Pages - PDF
The files below are found on CD 3


Music

"Singing Soldiers"

Winners Second
All Army Soldier
Singing Contest

1954-55
19 Song LP Record
2 Album Set


CD 3
20 - MP3s


Music

What Do You
Do In The Infantry ?

American Military March
Semper Fidelis (Marines)




CD 3
2 - MP3s


Radio

DDay
Radio Broadcasts
~
13 - BBC/CBS/NBC
Normandy Invasion
Broadcasts
~
24 - CBS Invasion
1 Hour Broadcasts


CD 3
37 - MP3s



Cartoons

11
BANNED
World War II
Cartoons

Popeye
Superman
Donald Duck
Bugs Bunny
more ...

CD 3
11 - MP4s



79th Infantry
Division

79th Infantry Division History

The division was activated at the Camp Pickett, Virginia on June 15, 1942. It participated in the area of Tennessee maneuveurs, after which it moved to Camp Laguna near Yuma, Arizona, where it trained in the desert. It was then ordered to Camp Phillips, Kansas for training in the winter conditions. At the beginning of the April 1944, the division reported to the Port of Embarkation at Camp Myles Standish, Massachusetts.

The division arrived in Liverpool on April 17 and began training in amphibious operations. After training in the United Kingdom from 17 April 1944, the 79th Infantry Division landed on Utah Beach, Normandy, 12–14 June and entered combat 19 June 1944, with an attack on the high ground west and northwest of Valognes and high ground south of Cherbourg.

The division took Fort du Roule after a heavy engagement and entered Cherbourg, 25 June. It held a defensive line at the Ollonde River until 2 July 1944 and then returned to the offensive, taking La Haye du Puits in house-to-house fighting, 8 July. On 26 July, the 79th attacked across the Ay River, took Lessay, crossed the Sarthe River and entered Le Mans, 8 August, meeting only light resistance.

The advance continued across the Seine, 19 August. Heavy German counterattacks were repelled, 22–27 August, and the division reached the Therain River, 31 August. Moving swiftly to the Franco-Belgian frontier near St. Amand (east of Lille), the division was then moved to XV Corps in eastern France, where it encountered heavy resistance in taking Charmes in street fighting, 12 September.

The 79th cut across the Moselle and Meurthe Rivers, 13–23 September, cleared the Forêt de Parroy in a severe engagement, 28 September–9 October, and attacked to gain high ground east of Emberménil, 14–23 October, when it was relieved, 24 October.

After rest and training at Lunéville, the division returned to combat with an attack from the MignevineMontiguy area, 13 November 1944, which carried it across the Vezouse and Moder Rivers, 18 November–10 December, through Haguenau in spite of determined enemy resistance, and into the Siegfried Line, 17–20 December.

The division held a defensive line along the Lauter River, at Wissembourg from 20 December 1944 until 2 January 1945, when it withdrew to Maginot Line defenses. The German attempt to establish a bridgehead west of the Rhine at Gambsheim resulted in furious fighting.

The 79th beat off German attacks at Hatten and Rittershoffen in an 11-day battle before withdrawing to new defensive positions south of Haguenau on the Moder River, 19 January 1945. The division remained on the defensive along the Moder until 6 February 1945.

During February and March 1945, the division mopped up German resistance, returned to offensive combat, 24 March 1945, crossed the Rhine, drove across the Rhine-Herne Canal, 7 April, secured the north bank of the Ruhr and took part in clearing the Ruhr Pocket until 13 April. The division then went on occupation duty, in the Dortmund, Sudetenland, and Bavarian areas successively, until its return to the United States and inactivation.

Throughout its 248 days of the World War II campaign, the division suffered 15,203 total casualties, with 10,971 wounded and 14,875 non-battle injuries. Three soldiers from this division were awarded the Medal of Honor. The division took 35,466 prisoners of war.



313th Infantry
Regiment
313th Infantry Regiment History
1942
Stationed at Vancouver Barracks, Wash.
15 Jun-
Organized at Camp Pickett, Va. and assigned to the 79th Division.
28 Aug-
Moved to Camp Blanding, Fla.
1943
 
10 Mar-
Transferred toTennesee manuevers area.
19 Jun-
Transferred to Camp Forest, Tenn.
15 Aug-
Transferred to Camp Young, Ca.
11 Dec-
Arrived Camp Phillips, Kans.
1944
 
31 Mar-
Staged at Camp Myles Standish, Mass.
7 Apr-
Departed Boston P/E.
16 Apr-
Arrived England.
12 Jun-
Landed in France.
17 Feb-
Crossed into Belgium.
22 Feb-
Crossed into Holland.
1945
 
3 Mar-
Entered Germany.
13 Dec-
Arrived New York P/E.
15 Dec-
Inactivated Camp Kilmer, NJ.



314th Infantry
Regiment
314th Infantry Regiment History
1942
Stationed at Vancouver Barracks, Wash.
15 Jun-
Organized at Camp Pickett, Va. and assigned to the 79th Division.
28 Aug-
Moved to Camp Blanding, Fla.
1943
 
12 Mar-
Transferred toTennesee manuevers area.
19 Jun-
Transferred to Camp Forest, Tenn.
12 Aug-
Transferred to Camp Young, Ca.
8 Dec-
Arrived Camp Phillips, Kans.
1944
 
30 Mar-
Staged at Camp Myles Standish, Mass.
7 Apr-
Departed Boston P/E.
16 Apr-
Arrived England.
14 Jun-
Landed in France.
17 Feb-
Crossed into Belgium.
22 Feb-
Crossed into Holland.
1945
 
3 Mar-
Entered Germany.
13 Dec-
Arrived New York P/E.
15 Dec-
Inactivated at Camp Kilmer, NJ.



315th Infantry
Regiment
315th Infantry Regiment History
1942
Stationed at Vancouver Barracks, Wash.
15 Jun-
Organized at Camp Pickett, Va. and assigned to the 79th Division.
2 Sep-
Moved to Camp Blanding, Fla.
1943
 
8 Mar-
Transferred toTennesee manuevers area.
19 Jun-
Transferred to Camp Forest, Tenn.
18 Aug-
Transferred to Camp Young, Ca.
6 Dec-
Arrived Camp Phillips, Kans.
1944
 
29 Mar-
Staged at Camp Myles Standish, Mass.
7 Apr-
Departed Boston P/E.
16 Apr-
Arrived England.
14 Jun-
Landed in France.
17 Feb-
Crossed into Belgium.
22 Feb-
Crossed into Holland.
1945
 
3 Mar-
Entered Germany.
10 Dec-
Arrived New York P/E.
11 Dec-
Inactivated at Camp Kilmer, NJ.


79th Infantry
Division
Campaigns of World War II

Normandy
6 Jun - 24 Jul 44
North France
25 Jul - 14 Sep 44
Rhineland
15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45
Central Europe
22 Mar - 11 May 45
.

Normandy
6 Jun - 24 Jul 44

A great invasion force stood off the Normandy coast of France as dawn broke on 6 June 1944: 9 battleships, 23 cruisers, 104 destroyers, and 71 large landing craft of various descriptions as well as troop transports, mine sweepers, and merchantmen—in all, nearly 5,000 ships of every type, the largest armada ever assembled.

The naval bombardment that began at 0550 that morning detonated large minefields along the shoreline and destroyed a number of the enemy’s defensive positions. To one correspondent, reporting from the deck of the cruiser HMS Hillary, it sounded like “the rhythmic beating of a gigantic drum” all along the coast.

In the hours following the bombardment, more than 100,000 fighting men swept ashore to begin one of the epic assaults of history, a “mighty endeavor,” as President Franklin D. Roosevelt described it to the American people, “to preserve. . . our civilization and to set free a suffering humanity.”


North France
25 Jul - 14 Sep 44

As July 1944 entered its final week, Allied forces in Normandy faced, at least on the surface, a most discouraging situation. In the east, near Caen, the British and Canadians were making little progress against fierce German resistance.

In the west, American troops were bogged down in the Norman hedgerows. These massive, square walls of earth, five feet high and topped by hedges, had been used by local farmers over the centuries to divide their fields and protect their crops and cattle from strong ocean winds.

The Germans had turned these embankments into fortresses, canalizing the American advance into narrow channels, which were easily covered by antitank weapons and machine guns.

The stubborn defenders were also aided by some of the worst weather seen in Normandy since the turn of the century, as incessant downpours turned country lanes into rivers of mud.

By 25 July, the size of the Allied beachhead had not even come close to the dimensions that pre–D-day planners had anticipated, and the slow progress revived fears in the Allied camp of a return to the static warfare of World War I.

Few would have believed that, in the space of a month and a half, Allied armies would stand triumphant at the German border.


Rhineland
15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45

The Rhineland Campaign, although costly for the Allies, had clearly been ruinous for the Germans. The Germans suffered some 300,000 casualties and lost vast amounts of irreplaceable equipment.

Hitler, having demanded the defense of all of the German homeland, enabled the Allies to destroy the Wehrmacht in the West between the Siegfried Line and the Rhine River. Now, the Third Reich lay virtually prostrate before Eisenhower’s massed armies.


Central Europe
22 March - 11 May 1945

By the beginning of the Central Europe Campaign of World War II, Allied victory in Europe was inevitable. Having gambled his future ability to defend Germany on the Ardennes offensive and lost, Hitler had no real strength left to stop the powerful Allied armies. Yet Hitler forced the Allies to fight, often bitterly, for final victory.

Even when the hopelessness of the German situation became obvious to his most loyal subordinates, Hitler refused to admit defeat. Only when Soviet artillery was falling around his Berlin headquarters bunker did the German Fuehrer begin to perceive the final outcome of his megalomaniacal crusade.



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