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World War II

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Monographs, Books and Reports on CD
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83rd Infantry
"Thunderbolt"
Division



329th Infantry
Regiment

History



330th Infantry
Regiment

History



331st Infantry
Regiment

History

Order of Battle

329th Infantry

330th Infantry

331st Infantry

83rd Reconnaissance Troop (Mech)

308th Engineer Combat Battalion

308th Medical Battalion

83rd Division Artillery

322nd Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)

323rd Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)

908th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)

324th Field Artillery Battalion (105 Howitzer)

Special Troops

783rd Ordnance Light Maintenance Company

83rd Quartermaster Company

83rd Signal Company

Military Police Platoon

Headquarters Company

Band


Commanders
Maj. Gen. Frank W. Milburn
Aug 42 - Dec 43
Maj. Gen. Robert C. Macon
Jan 44 - Jan 46


Campaigns
Normandy
6 Jun - 24 Jul 44
North France
25 Jul - 14 Sep 44
Rhineland
15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45
Ardennes-Alsace
16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45
Central Europe
22 Mar - 11 May 45


Medals
Distinguished Unit Citations
7
Medal of Honor
1
Distinguished Service Cross
7
Distinguished Service Medal
1
Silver Star
710
Legion of Merit
11
Soldiers Medal
25
Bronze Star Medal
6,294
Air Medal
110
Days of Combat
244


Medal of Honor

Sgt. Ralph G. Neppel

Company M
329th Infantry
83rd Infantry Division

Birgel, Germany
14 December 1944





1944
 
16 Apr-

The 83d Infantry Division arrived in England.

18 Jun-
After training in Wales, the division landed at Omaha Beach.
27 Jun-
The division entered the hedgerow struggle south of Carentan.
25 Jul-
Taking the offensive, the 83rd reached the St. Lo-Periers Road and advanced 8 miles against strong opposition as the Normandy campaign ended.
5 Aug-
After a period of training, elements of the division took Châteauneuf-d'Ille-et-Vilaine.
7 Aug-
The division took Dinard, and approached the heavily fortified area protecting St. Malo.
17 Aug-
Intense fighting reduced enemy strong points and a combined attack against the Citadel Fortress of St. Servan caused its surrender.
2 Sep-
Elements reduced the garrison at Ile de Cézembre, which surrendered.
16 Sep-
The only surrender of a German Major General B. H. Elster to USroops with 18,850 men and 754 officers at the Loire bridge of Beaugency.
25 Sep-
The movement into Luxembourg was completed.
28 Sep-
Taking Remich and patrolling defensively along the Moselle, the 83d resisted counterattacks
7 Oct-
The division advanced to the Siegfried Line defenses across the Sauer after capturing Grevenmacher and Echternach.
5 Nov-

As the initial movement in operation "Unicorn," the division took Le Stromberg Hill in the vicinity of Basse Konz against strong opposition and beat off counterattacks.

27 Dec-
Moving to the Hurtgen Forest, the 83d thrust forward from Gressenich to the west bank of the Roer and entered the Battle of the Bulge, striking at Rochefort and reducing the enemy salient in a bitter struggle.
1945
 
22 Jan-
The division moved back to Belgium and the Netherlands for rehabilitation and training.
1 Mar-
The 83d advanced toward the Rhine in Operation Grenade and captured Neuss.
2 Mar-
The west bank of the Rhine from north of Oberkassel to the Erft Canal was cleared and defensive positions established.
29 Mar-
The 83d crossed the Rhine south of Wesel and advanced across the Munster Plain to the Weser, crossing it at Bodenwerder.
6 Apr-
Halle fell as opposition disintegrated.
8 Apr-
The division crossed the Leine, and attacked to the east, pushing over the Harz Mountain region and advancing to the Elbe at Barby.
13 Apr-
Barby was taken and the 83rd established a bridgehead over the river.
11 Apr-
On the 83rd encountered Langenstein, a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp.



83rd Infantry Division
in World War II

CD 1
Open all files from the folders on the CDs
Install PDF Reader from CD 1

The files below are found on CD 1
Histories - Pictures - Maps


1942 - 1945

83rd Infantry Division
330th Infantry Regiment
3rd Battalion

Our Part

History


CD 1
17 Pages - PDF


1942 - 1945

83rd Infantry Division
330th Infantry Regiment


Across Europe

History


CD 1
15 Pages - PDF


1942 - 1945

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry
Regiment
1st Battalion


History


CD 1
13 Pages - PDF


1942 - 1945

83rd Infantry Division

The
Thunderbolt
Division Story

History


CD 1
14 Pages - PDF


1942 - 1945

83rd Infantry Division

Thunderbolts
Across Europe

History

CD 1
128 Pages - PDF


83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment
Company B

Group Picture
Camp Breckenridge



CD 1
1 Page - PDF


83rd Infantry Division
330th Infantry Regiment
Company K

Group Picture



CD 1
1 Page - PDF


83rd Infantry Division
329th Infantry Regiment
Head Quarters
Company

Group Picture
Camp Breckenridge

CD 1
1 Page - PDF
1942


26 Nov 42

83rd Infantry Division
Reconnaissance Troop



Thanksgiving Day
Menu - Roster

CD 1
5 Pages - PDF


25 Dec 42

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry
Regiment
Company L

Christmas
Greetings

CD 1
5 Pages - PDF


25 Dec 42

83rd Infantry Division
755th Military Police



Christmas
Menu - Roster

CD 1
5 Pages - PDF


25 Dec 42

83rd Infantry Division
Signal Company



Christmas
Menu

CD 1
6 Pages - PDF
1943


Jun - Aug 43

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry
Regiment

Special Orders
8 and 120

CD 1
6 Pages - PDF


Dec 43

83rd Infantry Division
329th Infantry
Regiment
Antiank Company

Payroll

CD 1
30 Pages - PDF


Dec 43

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment
Company C

Payroll


CD 1
21 Pages - PDF


Dec 43

83rd Infantry Division
755th Military Police
Battalion

Christmas Dinner
Menu - Roster

CD 1
7 Pages - PDF
1944


1944 - 1945

83rd Infantry Division
329th Infantry Regiment

After Action Reports


CD 1
154 Pages - PDF


1944 - 1945

83rd Infantry Division
329th Infantry Regiment

Unit Journals


CD 1
77 Pages - PDF


1944 - 1945

83rd Infantry Division
330th Infantry Regiment

After Action Reports

CD 1
144 Pages - PDF


1944 - 1945

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment

After Action Reports


CD 1
246 Pages - PDF


1944

83rd Infantry Division
Quatermaster

History


CD 1
5 Pages - PDF


1944

83rd Infantry Division
Military Police Platoon

History


CD 1
4 Pages - PDF


15 Feb 44

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment

Special Order
No.28

CD 1
3 Pages - PDF


Mar 44

83rd Infantry Division


Convoy
UT-11

CD 1
80 Pages - PDF


May 44 - May 45

9th Army






CD 1
69 Pages - PDF


Jun 44 - May 45

XIX Corps

Normandy To
The Elbe



CD 1
66 Pages - PDF


Jun 44

83rd Infantry Division
330th Infantry Regiment

Casualties
Awards

CD 1
88 Pages - PDF


Jun 44

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment

Casualties



CD 1
44 Pages - PDF


Jun 44

83rd Infantry Division
Quartermaster

Unit Journal

CD 1
1 Page - PDF


Jun - Jul 44

83rd Infantry Division
Signal Company

Unit Journals

CD 1
4 Pages - PDF


Jun 44

629th Tank
Destroyer Battalion

1944-45

CD 1
115 Pages - PDF


Jun 44
746th Tank

After Action Reports

1944

CD 1
161 Pages - PDF


Jul - Sep 44

83rd Infantry Division



28 General Orders




CD 1
140 Pages - PDF


Jul 44

83rd Infantry Division
329th Infantry
Regiment

Special Orders
99 - 101 - 102
103 - 104 - 106
107 - 108 - 110

CD 1
57 Pages - PDF


Jul 44

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment


After Action Reports




CD 1
6 Pages - PDF


Jul 44

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment
Company E

Morning Reports




CD 1
53 Pages - PDF


Jul 44

83rd Infantry Division
Signal Company



Command History


CD 1
7 Pages - PDF


1 Jul 44

83rd Infantry Division
G2-G3



Journal


CD 1
114 Pages - PDF


1 Jul 44

83rd Infantry Division
Reconnaissance Troop



Unit Journal


CD 1
5 Pages - PDF


4 Jul 44

83rd Infantry Division
329th Infantry Regiment
2nd Battalion

Attack at
Periers Road

CD 1
32 Pages - PDF


Jul 44

83rd Infantry Division

G3 Periodic Report


Files

CD 1
306 Pages - PDF


10 Jul 44

83rd Infantry Division
308th Combat Engineers
3rd Platoon

Attack at
Taute River

CD 1
30 Pages - PDF


12 Jul 44

83rd Infantry Division



Special Orders
129 - 132 - 144

CD 1
9 Pages - PDF


22 Jul 44

83rd Infantry Division
Reconnaissance Troop


History
After Action Reports

CD 1
1 Page - PDF


26 Jul 44

83rd Infantry Division
Reconnaissance Troop


After Action Reports


CD 1
1 Pages - PDF


28 Jul 44

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment
Company H
2nd Platoon

Roster

CD 1
1 Page - PDF


Aug 44

83rd Infantry Division
330th Infantry Regiment

Files


CD 1
39 Pages - PDF


21 Aug 44

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment

Speech by Mayor
St.Briac, France


CD 1
2 Pages - PDF


Dec 44

83rd Infantry Division
Signal Company



Narratives


CD 1
1 Page - PDF


1 Dec 44

83rd Infantry Division
629th Tank



After Action Reports


CD 1
12 Pages - PDF


10 Dec 44

83rd Infantry Division
329th Infantry Regiment
2nd Battalion

Hurtgen-Roer
Germany

CD 1
23 Pages - PDF


10 Dec 44

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment

Operations
Gey, Germany



CD 1
34 Pages - PDF


14 Dec 44

Medal of Honor

Sgt. Ralph G. Neppel

Company M
329th Infantry
83d Infantry Division

Birgel, Germany

CD 1
1 Page - PDF


25 Dec 44

83rd Infantry Division



Christmas
Church Bulletin




CD 1
2 Pages - PDF


Pocket Guide

To The
Cities Of Belgium
and Luxembou rg

Army
War Department
Publication



CD 1
26 Pages - PDF


Pocket Guide

To France



Army
War Department
Publication



CD 1
36 Page


Pocket Guide

To The
Germany

Army
War Department
Publication

CD 1
27 Pages - PDF


Pocket Guide

To The Cities
Of The Netherlands

Army
War Department
Publication

CD 1
52 Pages - PDF


Pocket Guide

To The
Cities Of Norway

Army
War Department
Publication

CD 1
35 Pages - PDF


Pocket Guide

So You've
Got A Furlough

Army
War Department
Publication

CD 1
7 Pages - PDF
The files below are found on CD 2
1945 - 1947


1945

83rd Infantry Division


The Oberhaus
Rest Center

CD 2
7 Pages - PDF


1945

83rd Infantry Division
Signal Company

Narratives


CD 2
3 Pages - PDF


Jan - May 45

83rd Infantry Division
Signal Company

Unit Journals
Jan - Apr - May

CD 2
6 Pages - PDF


10 Jan 45

83rd Infantry Division
Reconnaissance Troop

Troop History


CD 2
4 Pages - PDF


11 Jan 45

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment

Operations
Langlir, Belgium

CD 2
28 Pages - PDF


23 Jan 45

83rd Infantry Division



Commendation

CD 2
1 Pages - PDF


31 Jan 45

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment

Losses in Action
Casualties List

CD 2
44 Pages - PDF


Feb - Mar 45

83rd Infantry Division
Signal

Narratives


CD 2
5 Pages - PDF


9 Mar 45

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment

Commendation


CD 2
1 Pages - PDF


28 Mar 45

9th Army
and
1st Army

Ruhr Capture

CD 2
20 Pages - PDF


28 Mar 45

83rd Infantry Division
Signal Company

Rhine Elbe


CD 2
2 Pages - PDF


1 Apr 45

83rd Infantry Division
Signal Company

Strength
Stations

CD 2
1 Pages - PDF


1 Apr 45

83rd Infantry Division


Rhine - Ruhr - Elbe
Operations


CD 2
176 Pages - PDF


6 Apr 45

Film
War Department

The
329th Infantry Regiment
enters Ludge

CD 2
MP4 - 7m56s


13 Apr 45

83rd Infantry Division
Signal Company

Losses



CD 2
1 Page - PDF


May 1945

Film
War Department

20,000 Germans
Surrender to the 83rd
at Beaugency, France

CD 2
MP4 - 5m59s


May 45

83rd Infantry Division



Casualties Letter


CD 2
1 Pages - PDF


1945

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment

Special Orders
5 - 8 - 28
65 - 120

CD 2
18 Pages - PDF


May 45

83rd Infantry Division

Indoctrination
Return to USA



CD 2
2 Pages - PDF


May 45

83rd Infantry Division
Signal Company

Awards



CD 2
1 Pages - PDF


10 May 45

83rd Infantry Division


General Macon
VE Day Letter



CD 2
1 Pages - PDF


May 45 - Jul 49

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment

The Thirty First
Newspapers

12 Issues

CD 2
32 Pages - PDF


Jun - Nov 45

83rd Infantry Division


General Orders
130 - 132 - 138
161 - 162 - 188
227

CD 2
38 Pages - PDF


Aug 45

83rd Infantry Division
330rd Infantry Regiment
Antiank Company


Payroll

CD 2
12 Pages - PDF


25 Aug 45

83rd Infantry Division
329th Infantry Regiment
Company L

Roster



CD 2
2 Pages - PDF


30 Oct 45

83rd Infantry Division

Croix de Guerre
Recipients




CD 2
2 Pages - PDF


May 45 - Jul 49

83rd Infantry Division
331st Infantry Regiment

The Thunderbolt
Newspaper

12 Issues

CD 2
54 Pages - PDF


30 Jun 47

83rd Infantry Division

Battle Deaths





CD 2
67 Pages - PDF
Maps


83rd Infantry Division



Maps


CD 2
5 Pages - PDF


83rd Infantry Division


Route Map
The Thunderbolts
Across Europe

CD 2
2 Pages - PDF


83rd Infantry Division
330th Infantry Regiment

Maps


CD 2
82 Pages - PDF


World War II



Situation Maps
Europe

CD 2
83 Pages - PDF
Films


Film

The 83rd
Infantry Division
In Europe

Objective Berlin
War Department Film


CD 2
MP4 - 19m51s


Film

Battle Report
From Belgium

1945
Newsreel



CD 2
MP4 - 2m06s


Film

The Year of
1944


Newsreel



CD 2
MP4 - 11m37s


Film

The Year of
1945


United Newsreel



CD 2
MP4 - 10m07s
The files below are found on CD 3


6 Jun - 24 Jul 44

Normandy
Campaign

CD 3
51 Pages - PDF


1 Jul - 11 Sep 44

Breakout
and Pursuit

CD 3
771 Pages - PDF


25 Jul - 14 Sep 44

Northern France


CD 3
32 Pages - PDF


15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45

Rhineland


CD 3
36 Pages - PDF


16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45

Ardennes-Alsace


CD 3
56 Pages - PDF


16 Dec 44 - 3Jan 45

Ardennes
Battle of the Bulge

CD 3
749 Pages - PDF


Jan 45

The
Last Offensive

CD 3
555 Pages - PDF


22 Mar - 11 May 45

Central Europe


CD 3
36 Pages - PDF


Aug 44 - Mar 45

Rivera To Rhine


CD 3
630 Pages - PDF


Soldier Stories




CD 3
141 Pages - PDF


Pictorial Record
War Against Germany



CD 3
458 Pages - PDF


Chart

Organization
USArmy Regiment

CD 3
1 Page - PDF


Long Road
To Victory



CD 3
20 Pages - PDF


US Air Force
Combat Chronology
1941-45


CD 3
743 Pages - PDF


"Fighting Divisions"

Army
Divisions History

CD 3
241 Pages - PDF


Supreme Command

European
Theater Operations

CD 3
631 Pages - PDF


Brief History
of World War II





CD 3
55 Pages - PDF


APOs

Army Postal Service
Addresses

Alphabetical Listings

CD 3
149 Pages - PDF


Form SF180
Records Request

Request for
Personnel Records


CD 3
3 Pages - PDF


Research Guide

National Archives
Finding Information of
Personal Participation
in World War II Guide

CD 3
5 Pages - PDF


Mines - Booby Traps
Identification Guide

CD 3
42 Pages - PDF


Aircraft
Nose Art

CD 3
34 Pages - PDF


Aircraft
Recognition Guide

CD 3
17 Pages - PDF



Aircraft
Insignia Poster

CD 3
1 Page - PDF



US
World War II
Posters

CD 3
250 Pages - PDF



German
World War II
Posters

CD 3
75 Pages - PDF



Rank
Insignia of Grade


CD 3
1 Page - PDF


Patch
Identification
Guide

CD 3
19 Pages - PDF


Chart

Enlisted Men's
Uniform Insignias


CD 3
1 Page - PDF


Song Lyrics

Army
HIT KIT
of Popular Songs

CD 3
6 Pages - PDF


VE Day
Eisenhower Flyer




CD 3
1 Page - PDF


Comic Book
Covers




CD 3
8 Pages - PDF
The files below are found on CD 4


Music

"Singing Soldiers"

Winners Second
All Army Soldier
Singing Contest

1954-55
19 Song LP Record
2 Album Set


CD 4
20 - MP3s


Music

What Do You
Do In The Infantry ?

American Military March
Semper Fidelis (Marines)





CD 4
2 - MP3s


Radio

DDay
Radio Broadcasts
~
13 - BBC/CBS/NBC
Normandy Invasion
Broadcasts
~
24 - CBS Invasion
1 Hour Broadcasts


CD 4
37 - MP3s



Cartoons

11
BANNED
World War II
Cartoons

Popeye
Superman
Donald Duck
Bugs Bunny
more ...

CD 4
11 - MP4s



83rd Infantry
Division

83rd Infantry Division History

The 83d Infantry Division arrived in England on 16 April 1944. After training in Wales, the division landed at Omaha Beach, 18 June 1944, and entered the hedgerow struggle south of Carentan, 27 June. Taking the offensive, the 83d reached the St. Lo-Periers Road, 25 July, and advanced 8 miles against strong opposition as the Normandy campaign ended.

After a period of training, elements of the division took Châteauneuf-d'Ille-et-Vilaine, 5 August, and Dinard, 7 August, and approached the heavily fortified area protecting St. Malo. Intense fighting reduced enemy strong points and a combined attack against the Citadel Fortress of St. Servan caused its surrender, 17 August.

While elements moved south to protect the north bank of the Loire River, the main body of the division concentrated south of Rennes for patrolling and reconnaissance activities. Elements reduced the garrison at Ile de Cézembre, which surrendered, 2 September. On 16 September 1944: the only surrender of a German Major General B. H. Elster to USroops with 18,850 men and 754 officers at the Loire bridge of Beaugency.

The movement into Luxembourg was completed on 25 September. Taking Remich on the 28th and patrolling defensively along the Moselle, the 83d resisted counterattacks and advanced to the Siegfried Line defenses across the Sauer after capturing Grevenmacher and Echternach, 7 October.

As the initial movement in operation "Unicorn," the division took Le Stromberg Hill in the vicinity of Basse Konz against strong opposition, 5 November, and beat off counterattacks.

Moving to the Hurtgen Forest, the 83d thrust forward from Gressenich to the west bank of the Roer. It entered the Battle of the Bulge, 27 December, striking at Rochefort and reducing the enemy salient in a bitter struggle. The division moved back to Belgium and the Netherlands for rehabilitation and training, 22 January 1945.

On 1 March, the 83d advanced toward the Rhine in Operation Grenade, and captured Neuss. The west bank of the Rhine from north of Oberkassel to the Erft Canal was cleared and defensive positions established by 2 March and the division renewed its training. The 83d crossed the Rhine south of Wesel, 29 March, and advanced across the Munster Plain to the Weser, crossing it at Bodenwerder.

As opposition disintegrated, Halle fell on 6 April. The division crossed the Leine, 8 April, and attacked to the east, pushing over the Harz Mountain region and advancing to the Elbe at Barby. That city was taken on the 13 April. The 83rd established a bridgehead over the river.

On 11 April 1945 the 83rd encountered Langenstein, a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp. At the camp, the troops found approximately 1,100 inmates. The inmates were malnourished and in extremely poor physical condition.

The 83rd reported the death rate at the camp to be 500 per month. Also, that the prisoners had been forced to work 16 hour days in nearby mines, and were shot if they became too weak to work. After liberation, the death rate continued at approximately 25-50 people per day, due to the severe physical debilitation of the prisoners.

To slow the spread of sickness and death, the 83rd ordered the local German mayor to supply the camp with food and water. Also, medical supplies were requisitioned from the U.S. Army's 20th Field Hospital. In addition, the 83rd recovered documents for use by war crimes investigators.



329th Infantry
Regiment

329th Infantry Regiment History

1942
 
15 Aug-
Organized at Camp Atterbury, Ind. and assigned to the 83rd Infantry Division.
1943

22 Jun-
Moved to Tenn. Mnvr. area 22.
12 Sep-
Moved to Camp Breckenridge, Ky.
1944
 
28 Mar-
Staged at Camp Shanks, N.Y.
6 Apr-
Departed New York P/E.
18 Apr-
Arrived England.
19 Jun-
Landed in France
29 Sep-
Crossed into Luxembourg.
6 Dec-
Entered into Germany. attached to the 4th (7-10 Dec) and 9th (13 Dec) Divisions.
27 Dec-
Crossed into Belgium attached to the 84th Division.
1945
 
22 Feb-
Returned to Germany.
21 Mar-
Entered Holland.
28 Mar-
Re-entered Germany.
1946
 
5 Apr-
Returned to New York P/E.
6 Apr-
Inactivated at Camp Kilmer, N.J.



330th Infantry
Regiment

330th Infantry Regiment History

1942
 
15 Aug-
Organized at Camp Atterbury, Ind. and assigned to the 83rd Infantry Division.
1943

23 Jun-
Moved to Tenn. Mnvr. area 22.
12 Sep-
Moved to Camp Breckenridge, Ky.
1944
 
30 Mar-
Staged at Camp Shanks, N.Y.
6 Apr-
Departed New York P/E.
19 Apr-
Arrived England.
19 Jun-
Landed in France
25 Sep-
Crossed into Luxembourg attached to the 4th Division.
6 Dec-
Entered into Germany. attached to the VII Corps.
27 Dec-
Entered Belgium attached to the 3rd Armored Division..
1945
 
22 Feb-
Returned to Germany attached to the 29th Division.
21 Mar-
Entered Holland.
28 Mar-
Re-entered Germany attached to the XIX Corp.
1946
 
27 Mar-
Returned to New York P/E and inactivated same date.



331st Infantry
Regiment

331st Infantry Regiment History
1942
 
15 Aug-
Organized at Camp Atterbury, Ind. and assigned to the 83rd Infantry Division.
1943

23 Jun-
Moved to Tenn. Mnvr. area 22.
12 Sep-
Moved to Camp Breckenridge, Ky.
1944
 
31 Mar-
Staged at Camp Shanks, N.Y.
6 Apr-
Departed New York P/E.
19 Apr-
Arrived England.
19 Jun-
Landed in France
25 Sep-
Crossed into Luxembourg.
6 Dec-
Entered into Germany.
27 Dec-
Crossed into Belgium attached to the 3rd Armored Division.
1945
 
22 Feb-
Returned to Germany.
21 Mar-
Entered Holland.
28 Mar-
Re-entered Germany attached to the XIX Corp.
1946
 
29 Mar-
Returned to New York P/E.
30 Mar -
Inactivated at Camp Kilmer, N.J.


83rd Infantry
Division
Campaigns of World War II

Normandy
6 Jun - 24 Jul 44
North France
25 Jul - 14 Sep 44
Rhineland
15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45
Ardennes-Alsace
16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45
Central Europe
22 Mar - 11 May 45
.

Normandy
6 Jun - 24 Jul 44

A great invasion force stood off the Normandy coast of France as dawn broke on 6 June 1944: 9 battleships, 23 cruisers, 104 destroyers, and 71 large landing craft of various descriptions as well as troop transports, mine sweepers, and merchantmen—in all, nearly 5,000 ships of every type, the largest armada ever assembled.

The naval bombardment that began at 0550 that morning detonated large minefields along the shoreline and destroyed a number of the enemy’s defensive positions. To one correspondent, reporting from the deck of the cruiser HMS Hillary, it sounded like “the rhythmic beating of a gigantic drum” all along the coast.

In the hours following the bombardment, more than 100,000 fighting men swept ashore to begin one of the epic assaults of history, a “mighty endeavor,” as President Franklin D. Roosevelt described it to the American people, “to preserve. . . our civilization and to set free a suffering humanity.”


North France
25 Jul - 14 Sep 44

As July 1944 entered its final week, Allied forces in Normandy faced, at least on the surface, a most discouraging situation. In the east, near Caen, the British and Canadians were making little progress against fierce German resistance.

In the west, American troops were bogged down in the Norman hedgerows. These massive, square walls of earth, five feet high and topped by hedges, had been used by local farmers over the centuries to divide their fields and protect their crops and cattle from strong ocean winds.

The Germans had turned these embankments into fortresses, canalizing the American advance into narrow channels, which were easily covered by antitank weapons and machine guns.

The stubborn defenders were also aided by some of the worst weather seen in Normandy since the turn of the century, as incessant downpours turned country lanes into rivers of mud.

By 25 July, the size of the Allied beachhead had not even come close to the dimensions that pre–D-day planners had anticipated, and the slow progress revived fears in the Allied camp of a return to the static warfare of World War I.

Few would have believed that, in the space of a month and a half, Allied armies would stand triumphant at the German border.


Rhineland
15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45

The Rhineland Campaign, although costly for the Allies, had clearly been ruinous for the Germans. The Germans suffered some 300,000 casualties and lost vast amounts of irreplaceable equipment.

Hitler, having demanded the defense of all of the German homeland, enabled the Allies to destroy the Wehrmacht in the West between the Siegfried Line and the Rhine River. Now, the Third Reich lay virtually prostrate before Eisenhower’s massed armies.


Ardennes-Alsace
16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45

In August 1944, while his armies were being destroyed in Normandy, Hitler secretly put in motion actions to build a large reserve force, forbidding its use to bolster Germany’s beleaguered defenses. To provide the needed manpower, he trimmed existing military forces and conscripted youths, the unfit, and old men previously untouched for military service during World War II.

In September Hitler named the port of Antwerp, Belgium, as the objective. Selecting the Eifel region as a staging area, Hitler intended to mass twenty-five divisions for an attack through the thinly held Ardennes Forest area of southern Belgium and Luxembourg. Once the Meuse River was reached and crossed, these forces would swing northwest some 60 miles to envelop the port of Antwerp. The maneuver was designed to sever the already stretched Allied supply lines in the north and to encircle and destroy a third of the Allies’ ground forces. If successful, Hitler believed that the offensive could smash the Allied coalition, or at least greatly cripple its ground combat capabilities, leaving him free to focus on the Russians at his back door.


Central Europe
22 Mar - 11 May 45

By the beginning of the Central Europe Campaign of World War II, Allied victory in Europe was inevitable. Having gambled his future ability to defend Germany on the Ardennes offensive and lost, Hitler had no real strength left to stop the powerful Allied armies. Yet Hitler forced the Allies to fight, often bitterly, for final victory.

Even when the hopelessness of the German situation became obvious to his most loyal subordinates, Hitler refused to admit defeat. Only when Soviet artillery was falling around his Berlin headquarters bunker did the German Fuehrer begin to perceive the final outcome of his megalomaniacal crusade.



For Mac or PC computer use. A monograph is a work of writing or essay or book on a specific subject and may be released in the manner of a book or journal article. Files copied from books and the National Archives and are 'as is' and may be incomplete or unreadable in parts. For Special Requests or more information about this or any of my other "Researching WWII" CDs like it, please email me at Hello@MtMestas.com .